Business Health Concept

The protection and development of the health of workers is an important and indispensable part of work for the health of the community
one . Social relationships, cultural items and living conditions can not be discussed without considering health

2nd . Rapid technological developments, on the one hand, serve the well-being of human beings, on the other hand, bring human dangers to life and the environment. In the process of increasing the number of machinery in production and growing production intensively, some new elements have emerged in the process of industrialization with another expression that threaten the health and safety of employees

3. The importance of the human element in production is related not only to its productivity, but also to the safety of the direct employee and the guarantee of all kinds of accidents during the production process

4. Healthy working environment and environment; It is also a prerequisite for rapid and healthy development with work peace. Work accidents and occupational diseases not only threaten human life and health as a consequence but also directly affect productivity and profitability in the workplace as an important cost element for businesses

5. According to the UNHCR, 2 million people in every year in the world are out of work and occupational illnesses are losing their ending life, and this number tends to increase

6. According to statistics of the Social Insurance Institution (SSI) in our country, in 2003, 83,830 work accidents and 384 occupational diseases cases occurred, of which 841 were fatal. In 2004, the number of work days lost due to work accidents and occupational diseases was 1,983,410

7. According to some sources; the total cost of occupational accidents and occupational diseases in industrialized countries varied between 1% and 3% of the Gross National Product of these countries. This cost is a hefty cost that can not be ignored, especially in developing countries. The prominence of occupational health and safety is becoming more evident when around 50-60% of the country’s population around the world is working with wages and the proportion of those working outside the home and at home is added

8. In this context, ensuring safe work is one of the major problems that countries have to solve in terms of achieving a sustainable level of prosperity, health and safety at work

9. Making the working environment healthy and secure is a common problem for employers, employees and governments. However, efforts at the issue are not yet fully operational at the global level

Depending on the statements made, there is a benefit in examining the concept of health before examining the concept of occupational health. The right to life is the most fundamental right that allows all other rights to be exercised and must be secured at the first instance. The right to life means that the integrity of man’s body and soul is protected, and that there is a guarantee that he will not give a damnation to them. In this sense, everyone’s right to life should be guaranteed at the highest level regardless of age, gender, race and occupation

  1. Health is, first and foremost, a fundamental human right that is at the heart of economic, social, cultural, civil and political fundamental rights of individuals. Based on this, individuals can demand the protection of their health from the society and the state and their treatment in case of need
  2. Because health reflects a value that an individual has, he / she presents a physio-psychological state as an indicator that depends on the socio-economic level of the society and the individual
  3. It is possible to make individuals healthy and to improve the quality of life of the society to a great extent. Individuals in society need health care services that will provide them with a full good state of physical, mental and social well-being
  4. Achieving health at the highest level requires a management system in which many people, from the one to be protected to healthcare to the top level manager,
  5. Today, health; in terms of physical, emotional, mental and social aspects, the ability of the individual to function in harmony with another narrative and environment. This definition; health has taken into account not only the individual but also the social environment he is in. The reasons for this definition are; • The physical health of the individual and the health of the environment are considered together, • The physical condition of the individual is not taken as a sign of being healthy, • The individual who is a part of society can not be abstracted from society
  6. In Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Theory, within the human needs discussed in five groups, health can be regarded as essentially a physiological need. However, health also implies a state of complete well-being, psychologically and even socially, as far as the individual is physiologic
  7. In terms of health, it should be noted that the health status of each person and each society is different from each other. In this sense, it is difficult to access medicine, but the basic purpose is here. This purpose; everyone is ensuring the highest healthcare capacity and maintaining this capacity
  8. A healthy person is someone who does not have illness, injury, mental or emotional problems that impair normal human activity
  9. As far as the issue is concerned, Parsons and other functionalists have pointed out that the ability of individuals who are members of society to fulfill their social roles depends on their being healthy. According to Parsons, the illness reduces the ability of the individual to fulfill the roles he or she is obliged to fulfill in society and poses a threat to the social order
  10. The term health refers to the harmony of the organism to the living environment as described above and today it is defined not only as the absence of illness and disability but also as a state of goodness in the physical, spiritual and social aspects. This definition in the WHO Constitution sets out a goal and in reaching this goal, the environment in which the person lives and especially works is of great importance
  11. According to the target, the individual who is far from the organic or functional disorders that prevent their physical and mental activities is healthy
  12. In terms of business management, health is the basis of increasing personal and organizational productivity, quality level and decreasing costs. At this point, systematic management of health can reduce both cost and quality of care
  13. Health management practices in this framework are aimed at protecting an individual’s health and well-being. The aim in worker health is; not to be exposed to occupational accidents and occupational diseases, to protect from fatigue while working, and to reach a high quality of life from early aging
  14. As the concepts of disease and health are abstract concepts, it is not possible to separate them with a certain line. However, it is worth examining some cases in the evaluation of these concepts
  15. These are: • Physical harmony, the ability of the individual to be physiologically normal, resistant to infection, resistant to physical difficulties or the physical environment, • Emotional harmony, emotional normality of the individual, ability to resist emotional changes, to overcome emotional difficulties, • Mental harmony can be expressed in the way that the individual is mentally normal, functions well, conforms to the majority of the behaviors of the environment, changes in his behavior over time, • Social harmony is accepted and adopted by the vast majority of the circles in which the individual’s behavior is. Preventive health services are reflected in the health of workers in the form of prevention of occupational diseases and occupational accidents and regulation of workplace environmental conditions
  16. In the broadest sense, occupational health refers to all activities aimed at protecting the health-related dimension of the concept of occupational health and safety and the health of the worker and includes activities aimed at protecting the health of the worker. This is due to the fact that, with industrialization, workers have a large share in the total population and they are the most organized part of society. In this sense, occupational health is mainly characterized by industrialization and increasingly a growing health system. The system aims to prevent work accidents, injuries and diseases. Work health; It can also be defined as an activity directed by health personnel aiming to support the health of employees, the organization of work and the working environment, and to support the active participation of employees in individual development and health-related initiatives. In other words, occupational health is in the nature of work in order to ensure that the workers are in good physical, spiritual and social terms, in order to aim at work accidents and occupational diseases, and in general to work the health of the workers in safe environments and safe conditions
  17. When looking at the current state of occupational health, looking at the definition of occupational health as adopted by the CAC and the WHO expert health and safety committee in 1950, it is important to ensure that occupational health services are in good physical and mental and social context in all occupations and that this condition is maintained, to prevent them from harming their health, to place workers in jobs according to their physical and mental characteristics, to summarize their work and to adapt it to every worker’s job
  18. Occupational health is recognized as a fundamental tool for achieving the goals of a large number of community health goals foreseen in WHO’s “Health for All” strategy in the 21st century. WHO set up the “Global Strategy for Business Health for All” at a meeting held in Beijing on 11-14 October 1994
  19. Occupational health is an ideology that protects and improves the health of all living creatures
  20. It examines the relationship between occupational health, work and job challenges and those who do and endure those difficulties. Employees are now actively involved in this area as they are the first group to benefit from working conditions and improving the working environment. In the past, however, the employer, occupational safety and medical services or the competent bodies have been held responsible for the control of health conditions in the workplace. Today, it is seen that in the area of ​​occupational health, workers are increasingly taking on a place and responsibility. Indeed, in some countries workers ‘organizations have been tasked with controlling workers’ health. For example, in Belgium, Germany, Morocco and Sweden, workers have occupational health representatives. In France, Mexico, Spain and the Czech Republic, occupational health and safety committees are tasked with improving working conditions. Occupational health and safety committees have been set up in Canada, the Netherlands and Norway with the supervision of health conditions
  21. Today, the aims of business health are very broad. Occupational health is not only about preventing occupational harm, but it also means that people with a different and more advanced goal have better health capacity, and that there is harmony between man and work. In fact, it can be said that the developed countries went beyond this aim. This has brought issues such as work satisfaction to the employee and a superior standard of living
  22. In general, workers have three different risks in terms of health problems:

33: • These are the risk factors arising from the fact that the worker is a human being, the effects he / she experiences in the living environment and society. These are the socio-economic and cultural level of the society, the extent and nature of the health services that are gathered, and the health of the workers. • These are multi-causal diseases and health problems. The occurrence and development of diseases can occur in the workplace or outside the workplace. The nature of work done and workplace environment, working conditions can facilitate the occurrence of these diseases and may aggravate the course. • This group of health problems arise directly from the working life and caused directly by the business and workplace environment. These are occupational accidents and occupational diseases. The most basic feature of these diseases and health problems is that they can be completely prevented by the application of necessary and sufficient measures. On the other hand, occupational health is a separate medical field. Although the health of the community is a whole, there are separate reasons for occupational health and reasons for having a separate medical field. In medicine, some health problems are handled separately in terms of education and practice. People in certain age groups or in some occupation have special health problems. The examination of these problems also requires a separate area of ​​expertise for the individuals in the working life. As a matter of fact, occupational health concerns the health problems of employees. Workers form a separate risk group depending on the conditions of their working life. Both the observations and the investigations have determined that the employees have their own health problems.

Dr Taner ÖDEMİŞ
WORKPLACE DOCTOR

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